Important Functions Of Liquids In The Form Of A Spray

By Haywood Hunter

The concept of a spray is known to all, but many would struggle to describe a spray precisely. A suitable definition for a spray is a mist scattered within a gas. A familiar example would be what is produced by spraying a can of underarm deodorant. The liquid inside the can is turned into a mist, which is of course dispensed into the air. It can easily be understood how this ties in with the definition.

In the illustration given, the deodorant droplets were scattered in the air. Sprays can also be contained within other gaseous mediums, though. One demonstration of this is where chemicals are sprayed into the gasses produced in power plants, to remove pollutants.

The name given to the act of turning a liquid into a spray is atomization. Despite the implication, this does not mean that the fluid is actually dispersed as lone atoms, but instead simply as minute liquid globules. By looking at some of the many applications sprays have, some of the more useful properties will be revealed. Because of the great variety of functions for sprays, only a few notable cases will be looked at.

Use of sprays is widespread in the manufacturing of food and beverages. Fresh grown foods are washed with sprays, and many ingredients are added in the form of a spray. The accuracy of a spray is ideal in cases like where spice must be added. Add too much and the result will put many people off, but get it just right and it adds a pleasant kick. This same accuracy allows great control over how additives are applied, ensuring that nowhere is missed out.

Staying with food and drink, many commonplace foods are created using a technique called spray drying. Here, liquid products are turned into a fine spray, which is dried out in hot air. Instant coffee, milk powder, colorings and spice powders are made with this process.

Although spray drying is not well known outside the manufacturing industry, a more familiar spray process is that of spray painting. Most people know of the simple and common cans of spray paint, but there are also more clever applications of spray painting. One such use involves giving the paint an electric charge, while the object being painted is made to attract the paint by giving it the opposite charge. Often this electrostatic spray painting provides superior results to painting with a brush, as it can be impossible to access certain areas with a brush.

Arguably one of the most significant of all uses of sprays is the way they are utilized in engines. In many engines, the fuel is turned into a spray directly before it is ignited, creating tiny, easily ignited drops of fuel mixed evenly with air, a very desirable combination. This principle is widely applied in jet, diesel, rocket and petrol engines, as well as in steam boilers.

Although many people do not have a full understanding of what a spray is, the fact that sprays are used in power generation, familiar items such as deodorants and spray paint, food production, and in running some of our most important forms of transportation, shows how important they can be.

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Important Functions Of Liquids In The Form Of A Spray Important Functions Of Liquids In The Form Of A Spray Reviewed by Jhenni Mello on 12:34 PM Rating: 5

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